End Citizens United is a political action group that hopes to reform the campaign finance system. It came into being March 1, 2015 after the Supreme Courts decision to treat corporations as people, allowing billionaires and other special interest groups to make unlimited donations to the campaigns of politicians to support their agendas.

End Citizens United points out that the donations are untraceable and results in no accountability or transparency. The organization also points out how it makes it possible for foreign entities to influence US elections, including the Russian meddling investigation, Chinese nationals donation of $1.3 million to a Jeb Bush super PAC through American Pacific International Capital and donations to a super PAC by a wealthy Mexican Entrepreneur. According to Hi-Tech Chronicle, there was 15 cases being investigated by the FEC (Federal Election Commission) at the beginning of the year of illegal foreign campaign spending.

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The Hi-Tech Chronicle article entitled, “Russians Weren’t the Only Meddlers in the 2016 Election According to End Citizens United,” dated October 31, 2017, told of many measures proposed by Democrats to combat the effect of the Supreme Court ruling, such as the Disclose Act and the By the People reform package. The End Citizens United PAC (political action committee) works to support those Democrats in their attempt to reform and fix the campaign finance system. To combat the big money influence in political campaigns, End Citizens United raised $4 million during the first three months of the year with its 1.8 million donors contributing on average just $12 each. Tiffany Muller, the Executive Director of End Citizens United, said that it will probably raise $35 million before the 2018 elections from individuals who believes that the system is rigged against them and this is their way of fighting back.

On their website, End Citizens United describes itself as Democrats fighting for reform and states that it is just getting warmed up. It also states that it is proud to be funded by thousands of grassroots supporters from around the country, siting its grassroots activist as its greatest strength. Its mission statement expresses the strategy of electing those who champion campaign finance reform, passing state ballot measures, and making these issues part of the national conversation as a national priority. End Citizens United hopes to have an effect on all three branches of government in the effort to enact campaign finance reform to combat the political influences of big money.

The Human Rights Foundation was founded by Thor Halvorssen to address issues of human rights around the world. Thor unfortunately brings personal experience to the field where he is often sought out by news sources around the world. His family has had their human rights violated by the Venezuelan government.
Thor started out as a student activist while studying in England. The issue that he chose to speak out on at that time was South African apartheid. Now, thoughts of people that have their rights violated around the globe are seldom far from his mind. One issue that greatly concerns Thor is child slavery.

Two the countries where child labor is most prevalent are Ghana and the Ivory Coast where children are used to harvest cocoa and manufacture chocolate candy bars. It is estimated that almost 500,000 children are employed in the fields and many more in factories. It is estimated that over 95,000 children are working in Ghana where children as young as five may cut grass with a machete. Many people believe that if they buy a candy bar that is marked for fair trade, then a child slave is not involved in its production. Unfortunately, children can still be used in its production after the cocoa has been harvested. Additionally, many girls are given into slavery in Ghana so that religious leaders will forgive their sins.
Another country where child slavery is a huge problem is in mining where children often have to work 24 hour shifts. This problem particularly exists in Ghana, Niger, Peru and Tanzania. In many areas, these workers are girls because they have no cultural value. Their work is seen as helping their family make a meager living. While international laws now exist making buying gemstones from mines against the law, many children work in small mining operations that governments choose to ignore.
Another area where child labor is a huge problem is in Middle Eastern countries where children are used as camel jockeys. One place where this exist is in the United Arab Emirates where children as young as two are often sold into slavery. The owners then take steps to stunt the baby’s growth. In order to escape international attention, press is always focused on the winning camels. Unlike horse racing, in camel racing each camel does not have to carry the same amount of weight. Therefore, the camel carrying the lightest weight has an advantage.